Today, In this blog we are going to give you a piece of full information on the recent come-up of the New Education Policy in India 2020.
Firstly, if you too have kept some such expectations from the Indian education system in which you can read any subject of your choice from any stream instead of tying it into the streams of science, arts, and commerce.
Then now these expectations, these hopes, these dreams are going to be fulfilled from this new education policy of India.
If you’ve just completed your schooling. Then also you can take this benefit of the new education policy in India in your further college.
And even if you’ve completed your whole academic education, it doesn’t matter, you can be happy with a new generation.
And through this new education policy In India. The education system of our country will also become broad and advanced like the rest of the other countries.
This new education policy In India 2020 is based on the interest, talent, and skills of the students. So, whether you are a student, parent, or teacher, you should know about this new education policy.
So that you can prepare yourself for this exciting journey of education and also stay updated.
Today we are going to give you all the important information related to the New National Education Policy (NEP).
Don’t skip anywhere reading this full blog.
let’s start and first of all know some basic things related to the (NEP) of our country i.e. National Education Policy.
New Education Policy in India 2020.
The Indian education policy came in 1986 before the year 2020, i.e. 34 years ago. The National Education Policy was first formulated at that time.
After this, there were changes in the National Education Policy several times. But there has been no major change in the education policy from the last 3 decades.
And now in the year 2020, after 34 years, our country’s education policy has changed on such a large scale, that this new education policy In India can also be called a Revolutionary Education Policy.
New National Education Policy i.e. (NEP): From the admission of the child in the school to the completion of college education, there have been many positive and progressive changes have been brought.
Under this policy, now the name of HRD (i.e. Ministry of Human Resource and Development) has been changed to (Ministry of Education).
In this new education policy In India, a target to spend 6% of GDP on the education sector has also been set. Currently, only 4.43% of the budget is spent on education.
After the implementation of this new education policy, how will the pattern of school education become? Let’s understand it.
The pattern of school education will change completely after the implementation of this policy.
Till now school education was based on 10+2. But now education has been divided into 5+3+3+4 stages in this new system.
Let’s know about these stages.
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New Education Policy Stages
The first stage is the Fundamental Stage.
Stage 1: Fundamental Stage.
This stage consists of the first 5 years of school. Out of which the first 3 years children will study in Anganwadi, Kindergarten or Pre-school.
During this time, the age of the children will be 3 to 6 years.
And in the next 2 years, children will study in 1st and 2nd class. The children studying in these classes will be 6 to 8 years old.
This education will be activity-based learning in which the skill will be developed in the children through their sports and playing educational games.
A big change will also be seen at this stage. In the existing pattern, children stay in Anganwadi or Preschool for 2 years.
While in the new pattern, this duration will be 3 years.
Let’s move forward to the second stage.
Stage 2: Preparatory Stage.
There will be 3 years of school education at this stage. In which the child will fall from the 3rd to the 5th class and during this time their age will be from 8 to 11 years.
At this stage, instead of adding more on books, children will be given interactive learning and activity-based education.
Now further we know about the 3rd stage which is the middle stage.
Stage 3: Middle Stage.
This stage will also be of 3 years in which the student will study from class 6 to 8 and during this period, they will be 11 to 14 years old.
In these classes, students will be given education in Maths, Science, Arts, Social Science, and Humanity. Which will be experiment-based learning.
That is, the students will get an opportunity to learn by practicing the experiment i.e. instead of passing the exam by mugging up or cramming.
Talking about class 6th education, it will also include an internship. For example, Students in the 6th class will be able to learn computer coding.
Stage 4: Secondary Stage.
This stage of 4 years has been kept from class 9th to class 12th. During this period, 14 to 18 years will be the age of the student.
The pressure of the best performance on students in these classes will be greatly reduced in this new policy.
Because through this policy, students will be able to get a chance of multi-disciplinary study.
Through which students will be able to choose the subject of their choice and will be able to read the subject of their interest with the help of a flexible study pattern.
We mean to say that if the student wants to study music with science, then he can also take music subjects with science.
In this way, it will be possible to read your favorite subject from every stream.
In this way, now you have understood these 5+3+3+4 patterns of the new education policy In India.
- 5 Years of Fundamental Stage.
- 3 Years of Preparatory Stage.
- 3 Years of Middle Stage.
- 4 Years of Secondary Stage.
With this, let us go ahead and understand the ECCE framework. Which is also related to the changes in the school education policy.
New Education Policy (ECCE)
ECCE (Early Childhood Care and Education). In this, along with giving education to children, their care will also be taken, for which teachers will get special training.
According to this framework, children aged 3 to 8 years are divided into two categories.
In the 1st category, there will be children between 3 and 6 years who will take education under ECCE.
And after that, children will study in the primary till the age of 8 years, which will be the secondary category of this framework.
By the way, there have been many more changes in this new policy such as the board exam patterns of class 10th and 12th will be changed.
Due to which the students should not study under the pressure of coaches to give the exam by mugging up or swot up.
Now the pattern of these exams will be changed to objective and descriptive so that students' knowledge can be tested. And the board exam can become easy for them.
These exams will happen twice a year after the implementation of the new education policy.
A new National Assessment Center (PARAKH) for Board Examination will also be established.
At least up to class 5, children will be able to study in their mother tongue, the local language, or regional language.
According to this policy, contemporary subjects such as Artificial Intelligence, Design Thinking, Holistic Health will also be included in school education.
And content giving information about traditional Indian values and Constitutional values will also be included in the curriculum.
Now students will be able to choose the Sanskrit language as an option in school and college.
Foreign languages can also be selected as an option at the secondary education level. Indian Sign Language will also be centralized.
So let us know what changes the new education policy In India has brought for higher education.
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Changes In Higher Education In New Education Policy In India.
In this new policy, by 2035, the target of achieving higher education gross enrollment ratio of 50% has been kept.
Multiple entries and exit options will also be given in colleges. This option will prove to be very beneficial for students.
Let’s understand it in this way,
Undergraduate courses are 3 to 4 years of duration.
According to the educational system till now, if you have not been able to complete the course from any region and if you had to leave this study in the first year of the course itself, then its value becomes 0 for you.
But with the help of this new policy, you will be able to bring value to your studies. Because in this 3 to 4 year course, if you leave the studies in the first year then you will get a certificate.
If you are able to study only for 2 years, you will get a diploma certificate. For leaving after studying for 3 years you get a graduation degree.
And after completing 4 years will be considered as research-based graduation.
In the technical institutes of the country, along with engineering, emphasis will be given on arts and human subjects too.
There will be only one Common Entrance Test for admission in all institutes of the country.
This test will be optional and students will also be able to do online courses in Sub Regional Languages.
Currently, most courses are available in English and Hindi languages only.
A National Academic Credit Bank will be created in which academic credits of students studying at the Recognized Higher Education Institute will also be deposited.
This process will be automatic and the student’s credits will reach their account. Students will be able to use these credits for any academic program.
For all other higher education except law and medical education, the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) will be created that will replace UGC.
With the help of NCTE and NCERT, teachers will create a new National Curriculum Structure for training.
According to this new policy of India, the minimum qualification for teaching is 4 years integrated B.Ed. This means it is important to have a degree course.
To make our country’s education reach the international standard, now universities and colleges with top global rankings will also be given permission to open their branches in India.
New Education Policy in India, Wrap Up!
So friends I hope you’ve got all the information related to the new national education policy (NEP) 2020.
It is believed that this policy will be implemented in our education system in the coming years very soon.
We hope that this policy will be implemented as soon as possible and the benefits that come from it will take our education system to great heights.
I hope you like this information and have been able to update you on the New Education Policy In India 2020.
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